Congestive heart failure is a disease condition where the heart is unable to pump enough blood around the body. Heart failure can be caused by the narrowing of coronary arteries, high blood pressure (hypertension), coronary artery occlusion or heart valve diseases. The disease may be predominant on either the left or right side of the heart. In right sided heart failure edema of the lower extremities will be one of the first symptoms experienced, since congestion of the venous return to the heart leads to tissue fluid accumulation where gravity has its greatest impact. Heart failure is most common in the elderly due to heart muscles weakening over a long period of time. It is a serious condition that can be life-threatening.
Today heart failure patients are being regularly monitored in hospital or by a general practitioner for clinical assessment and adjustment to medication. This can have a detrimental effect on patients and relatives, partly because of the amount of time used on outpatient visits.
The Edema stocking allows daily monitoring of lower extremity fluid accumulation, and may be used as an element in disease monitoring and has a potential to entail reduced outpatient visits and even hospital admissions.